Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Patosan: A Very famous village in Palanpur taluka of Banaskantha District and Chaudhary

Patosan: A Very famous village in Palanpur taluka of Banaskantha District and Chaudhary

Patosan is 15 km far away from Palanpur, headquarter of the Banaskantha district. It is a small village and has population of over 2500 people. It is situated on the bank of a small river (Hollo). It is a very advance village in Palanpur taluka as we find all the basic facilities in this village. Patosan is known for the donation of its generous sons particularly in Chaudhary community. The main casts living in this village are Chaudhary, Patel (Leuva), Thakore and Harijan. Moreover some Vaghri, Suthar, Luhar, Nayee, Panchal, Prajapati, Brahmin, Raval, etc are other casts living in this village. Historically Patosan is compared with Patan (Patosan to Patan na tole aave), is the reason why the village has ‘Patosan’ name. According to a myth, once there was a drought situation in old Patan, at that time the people of Patosan had donated so much that there was a queue of Ghee donated cart from Patosan to Patan.

Ø How to Reach Patosan?

Here is the Way to Patosan: AhmedabadàMehsanaàPalanpuràPatosan

From Palanpur one has to go at Gathaman Patiya on Palanpur-Mehsana Highway (Gathaman Patiya is 2 km far away from Palanpur.

Gathaman Patiya On Palanpur-Mehsana Highway
-Gathaman Village
-Sagrosana Village
-Gadalwada Village
-Takarwada Village
-Our destination: Patosan Village

The people of this village are generally occupied with the business of agriculture, animal husbandry and diamond. Many of them also have occupied government as well as private jobs in different sectors like banking, diamond industry, defense, education, engineering medical, etc.
They are lawyers, doctors, professors, teachers, engineers, police inspectors, policemen, army and BSF soldiers who are serving their motherland. Some people of this village also migrated to foreign countries.
- Lord Shiva temple
Suthar, Luhar
- Chaudhary,
Thakor, Panchal.
Patel, Darji, Nayee
-Schools, Girumabdir

Centre of Village
- Derasar,

Lord Ram’s Temple,
Gram Panchayat, Post-office

If we enter in the village, we find Primary and Secondary school. The Primary school in this village named Shrimati Hetiben Ratubhai Karshanbhai Kathrotiya which was built by Mr. Girishbhai Ratubhai Kathrotiya (Chaudhary) in honour of his loving mother. There is a high school in this village which was built in 1984 by Mr. Virsangbhai Ramsingbhai Katariya (Chaudhary) in honour of his mother. People of this village are very religious as there are some temples of different deities like Lord Shiva, Rama and Krishna, Ogadnath, Ramapir, etc. In spite of it, there is Gurumandir at where Jains also come regularly for pray. There is also a Derasr in the centre of the village. A post office, dairy, bank, animal hospital, etc are there in this village. It has also its own Gram-Panchayat. As a pious land, Patosan has given some generous donators who have donated a large amount of money for the development of their village as well as their communities. For instance, Mr.Girishbhai and Virsangbhai has donated over Rs.3 crore for the development of Education in Adarsh Sankul of Palanpur, established by Chaudhary Community of Banaskantha district. They have also donated for the renovation of temples, water tanks, religious building (Dharmshla and temple wall), etc for their village.

People of this village have established different organizations. They have ‘Navratri Mandal’, ‘Uvak Mandal’, etc. the chaudhary Community of this village follows all the rules that are cut due to social evils or orthodox traditions. For instance they do not spend money after social showbiz like ‘Varghoda’ ceremony, Band-Baja, Video shutting, Dandia rass, etc in marriage ceremony. Nowadays they are investing this money into education.

My recommendation for the people of Patosan village:

Need to establish an organization of alumnus students of High school
Need to establish a wealthy Library in Village
Need to establish any professional institute in Village
Need to establish an English medium school in village
Need to establish an organization for to help the education of poor children of village
Need to establish a hospital

However I know some things from above list are very hard to do I first attempt but these all are very important to make Patosan a very developed or an ideal village. I know we all are unable to pay our motherland’s debt but we can do something for her. So I request all the people of Patosan to contribute something for our dear motherland.

Great sons of Patosan:

Mr. Virsangbhahi R Katariya: Donator of Matushri J.R. Vidyalay (Patosan) and Shri V.R. Vidyalay (Palanpur).
Mr. Girishbhai R Kathrotiya: Donator of Matushri H.R.K.Primary school(Patosan) and Mahila Arts college, Matushri H.R.K. Primary School, Library, Boys Hostel in Adarsh Sankul(Palanpur)
Mr. K.V.Bhatol : Chief Engineer in SUDA
Dr.B.S.Chaudhary (Bagla): Dentist in Palanpur (Shradhhha Dental Clinic)
Mr.R.S.Patel (Bagla)(Police-sub Inspector)
Mr.K.G.Chaudhary (Kathrotiya)(Police-sub Inspector)
Mr.J.S.Atos (Principal Takarwada High school)

Written by : Lalji S Chaudhary M.A.,M.Phil (English), Mo: 9727576897

Listening Skills

- “ I like to listen. I have learned a great deal from listening carefully. Most of the people never listen.”
- Ernest Hemingway
Ø Hearing: Physiological activity
Ø Listening: Mental activity & requires effort from mind, means gathering information & systematic process.
Ø Person- hearing- filtering- interpreting- responding- remembering

How can be an active listener?:
1. Due attention should be paid:
-Look at speaker directly, Body language.
-Avoid distracting thoughts, negative approach, environmental factors, noisy atmosphere.
• 2Show that you are listening:
-Use your gestures and body language.
-Nod occasionally, give Smile and other facial expressions.
-Use verbal comments to encourage speaker.
Like: yes, no, uh huh.
-Ask question for clarification or doubts.
-Summarize speaker’s comments periodiqally
4)espond(Respond appropriately:
-Be candid, open, and honest in your response.
-Assert your opinion respectfully.
5)Defer judgment:
- Don’t interrupt , avoid counter arguments.
- Allow speaker to finish, because it frustrate speaker

Types of Listening:
Relationship Listening:
-Purpose either to help an individual or to improve relationship among people.
-Can also be used when you listen to friends and allow them to “ get things off their chests.”
-E.g. A doctor to his\her patient.
Informative Listening:
-When primary concern is to understand the message.
-Found in our everyday life in learning process.
E.g. Students listen their teachers.
- Be careful in informative listening otherwise it leads to misunderstanding of information.
-Three keys: Vocabulary, Concentration and memory.

Critical Listening:
-Ability to listen critically is essential in democracy.
-In every place you find it like in Politicians, the media, advocates,
-Our financial, emotional physical, intellectual needs requires us to critical listening and the thinking that accompanies it.
Appreciative Listening:
- Includes music for enjoyment, speakers as you like them.
-It is the response of listener and the source of the message.
-It may provide different things to different persons.
E.g. Old songs
- The quality of it depends on: presentation, perception and previous experience.

Active Listening V/S Passive Listening :

Passive listening: occurs when a listener doesn't verbally respond to the speaker. E.g. listening music, television.
Listener responds through non-verbal messages, not verbal.
Appropriate when you want ease back mentally and be entertained.
Mistake to interpret when your speaker relates a joke or story.
Active listening: involves verbal feedback & questioning.
Also can be identified by perspective listening.
Ask for additional information. e.g. What do you mean ?
Paraphrasing: You demonstrate that you have understood your men tee's concerns.

Traits of Good Listener

Adequate hearing
Recognition of problems that affect listening
Knowledge specific kind of listening.
Relationship between listening and vocabulary
Judging well that is heard
Ability to discriminate between sounds and ideas
Readiness to listen others
Ability to relate meanings and sounds
Evaluating medium and manner of speaking
Willingness to disregard prejudices

Chaudhari community of Banaskantha

Chaudhari community of Banaskantha District:
The chaudhary community of Banaskantha district is known as Anjana Patel or Ajana chaudhary. This community in Banaskantha is circulated in utmost every Taluka of it. According to a view “one who dazzles other is called Ajana.” As above statement Ajana Chaudharies are good-looking and have strong body, bright eyes. They are also brilliant, self respected and hardworking people. In Banaskantha this community is connected with the business of agriculture, diamond and animal plantation.
In India Chaudhari community mainly spread in Gujarat, Rajasthan, M.P., Haryana and Maharastra. While in Gujarat this community is mainly spread in Banaskantha, Mehsana, Patan, Sabarkantha, Gandhinagar, Dahod, Navsari, Surat, Valsad, etc. Anjana Chaudharies are native to Rajasthan, North Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in India. Anjana Chaudharies are basically Jat and they are an ethnic group, race, tribe and a people. Anjana Chaudharies are considered to be the merged descendants of Indo-Aryans, Indo-Scythian tribes of the region, merging to form the ethnic group people. Anjana Chaudharies are naturally warlike and aggressive in battle, and possess qualities like courage, loyalty, self sufficiency, physical strength, resilience, orderliness, hard working, fighting tenacity and military strategy. Arbuda Devi is Kuldevi of Anjana Chaudhary.

This community is divided into sub-groups for matrimonial purpose. There are approximately 50 groups. These groups have name like ‘Bar’, ‘Bavisi’, ‘Vadhiyar’, ‘Koliyaro’, ‘Hindvani’, ‘Dator’, ‘Gadhvada’, ‘Jetoda’, ‘Dhandhar’, ‘Idar Betalisi’, ‘Modasiya’, ‘Navgam’, ‘Kamrej’ etc.
There are 232 Sub Casts in this community. There are like Atos, Aod, Akoliya, Bagla, Bhatol, Bhutadiya Kaid, Kuva, Kodali, Kharsan, Kathroyiya, Katriya, Karen, Jegoda, Muji, Gol, Juva, Loh, etc. Traditionally in this community, men wear White Shirts, ‘Dhoti’ and white turban. While women of this community wear different colors saris and red or black colors chaniya. According to Hindu Shastra, Chaudhari do not make marriage in 6th generation of father’s relation or 5th generation of mother’s relation.

Observing their customs and cultural practice, I have endeavored to give a check list of the prevailing dark sides of the community.Among this, the major issue is illiteracy because the people give up their studies after class 12. Due to illiteracy the only way left to them to earn their live hood is the traditional business like farming, animal husbandry and diamond cutting. Illiteracy has disturbed the birth-ration of women. There is a marked difference in the population of men and women. Boys are preferred to girls. Child-Marriage is another giant issue that needs to be attended quickly. There are some other glaring social evils opium eating. The addiction to opium eating has really sucked the health and wealth of the community. In these community marriages are just a showbiz, pleasure and pomp! Barter system is an enemy to marriage. Shocked or surprised? How? Bartering means exchanging goods for other things rather than for money. This community exchanges women. A Bride Groom has to offer his sisters to his brother in law. Is it not exchanging of goods? Women are treated as if they are goods. They are not free to choose their life partners. Unfortunately it’s like fixing a small sized tire to a tractor.

History of Chaudhari Community:

There is no fix document about the origin of Ajana Chaudhari community but we can get idea of it’s origin through some different views, fables and existed note or illustrations in history of kings. These folk tales are as under:

1. According to the ‘Bhat’ and ‘Charan’s history books, the origin of Ajana chaudhary is interwoven with eight sons of Sahstrajun. When Parsuram went out to win others, he came to Sahstrajun. In this battle, Sahstrajun and his 92 sons were dead. Eight son of him came under the shelter of the goddess Arbuda on the Mount Abu. The goddess Arbuda had protected them and Parsuram had left them by the condition of putting the Shastra.
Among these eight sons, two of them went to Rajasthan who established their kingdom in Bharatpur and today they are known as Jat Chaudhari.Rest six of them had stayed at Abu so first they were recognized as ‘Ajanya’
(Strangers) and then finally they are known as ‘Ajana’ through deformed word.
2. The solanki king’s daughter Anjanabai had resided Anjangadh on the Mount Abu and the persons who lived there are known as ‘Ajana’.

3. According to Mumbai gazette, in 953 the foreigners had attacked on Bhinmal, there after some Gurjars run away from there. At that time approximately 2000 families of Ajana Patidar had reached to ‘Champavati Nagri’ in the region around foot of Mount Abu. Then they stable at ‘Ghaghar’, and in the end they are extended in Banaskantha, Mehsana, Sabarkantha and Gandhinagar.

4. In 1335-36 Sidhhraj Jaysinh had defeated king Yashovarma of Malva and confined him in Patan. Then Mahadev, son of Dahak was posted as governor of Malva. From that time many Ajana families from north-Gujarat have been staying around the Ujjajain region close to Malva. They have such sub-casts as Mor, Akoliya, and Vagda which are similar to nearer villages of Patan. However the history of Ajana community was not written like kings. There is no any illustration on even a stone inscription. So we can just get the scattered history of this community only and only through folk-literature, mouthpieces of community, wedding Songs, etc.

5. The Rajput Soldiers of king Bhimdev of Gujarat had established a place named ‘Ajana Gadh’ on the Mount-Abu and residents of it are known as ‘Ajana’.

6. Ajana community is called ‘Ajana’ as they are considered as the descendants of ‘Anjani’, the daughter of Sage Gautam and the wife of Mahadeva.

7. According to another fable, Ajana is derived from their native resident on the ‘Anjangiri’.

• ‘Ajana’ are descendants of Sahstrajun. The ancestors of Jat Chaudhari and Ajana Chaudhari were same. Moreover they have marriage relations with Brahmins and Rajputs.
• By following their traditions from ancient time, today Ajanas have more than 200 lineages. Some of them still use these lineages as their sub-casts.
• Ajanas have their tribes in ‘Agnikul’, and are Rajputs. Instead of it, they always recognize according to their basic cast.
• According to a European Historian, M Krondle “the casts who had fought against Sikandar are Rajputs.”
• Ajanas are ancestors of well known Indo-Scythians or Indo-Europeans. They have been living as Rajputs in Indian society even today from centuries.
• According to the traditions of Veda and Purana “Ajana, Yayati’s son, Haiheyvansi, the descendants of Yadu were identified themselves as the descendants of Arjuna who had ruled during 4th and 5th century”.

So, it can be considered that Ajana are one of the descendants of Sahstrajun of Haiheyvans.

“Lagni” novel of Raghuvir Chaudhary

I have heard and seen about Raghuvir Chaudhary as he is one of the prestigious Gujarati writers. However I have read many articles of him in news papers but I taste him before a week when I have read his novella “Lagni”

Lagni has well organized plot as its theme is located in the rural life of Gujarati people. Moreover he has used the North-Gujarati dialect in each line which I like most as it has taught me many vernacular words of my region North-Gujarat. He has also used many proverbs, quotations of Gujarati language that has helped me a lot to enhance my Gujarati vocabulary as well as concept of that particular language. But the real taste that I have got from this story is its characters which also involve my name Lalji. The other characters in this novella are Reva, Virji, Mukhi, Savji etc. However it has no sub-plot, this novella has mainly to themes: friendship and love. So the novella deals with this to issues concentrating on the protagonist Lalji.

Some incidents are really very heart touching in this novella as in the beginning of the novella Lalji completes the cremation process of his friend Savji, who is dead. For this process he has showed his strength as a protagonist by revolting the Mukhi for which he has to suffer a lot.
In other incident we find Lalji very miserable as he has to live in farm in spite of having home in village. He does so because his own elder brother is suspicious about the relation of Lalji and his bhabhi. I feel here shocked by this negative thinking of his elder brother as he blames this pious relation of Bhabhi and Devar which is like mother and son.
Then the love among Lalji, his buffalo and his dog is also heart beating.
Then the true friendship between Lalji and Virji is the crucial one theme in this story. As in one incident Mukhi tries to send both of them into jail. At that time Virji threats Mukhi for blaming his friend Lalji as a thief and he swears to kill Mukhi. So Lalji tries to calm down Virji and stops him by killing Mukhi. But as a friend Virji can not bear his friend insult and tries to kill Mukhi after few days. At that time Lalji saves Mukhi from death in the hands of Virji. It shows Lalji’s virtues even for enemy. Both the friends are ready to do anything for each other. For instant, in the end Virji runs away with Lalji on his shoulder which is one of the tragic incidents of this novella. Then in the hospital Virji threats doctors to kill them if they will not save his friend from poison. He tries to talk with unconscious Lalji and says him that I will also die if he will die. This are quite heart thumping examples of friendship. So Virji is generous by heart in spite of being poor by money. The other land mark of this novella is love between Reva and Lalji. Lalji likes her by first sight and fall in love with her. He decided to marry only and only Reva that’s why he tries to suicide in the end when he finds that he has lost Reva. Reva is also strong beloved who is ready to leave even his own parents for his love. She finds all the qualities of husband in Lalji as she loves him and revolts against her family. She indirectly proposes Lalji to run away with her if her family does not allow them to marry. Lalji’s bhabhi is also trustworthy towards him as she suggests him that his own husband is not willing any good of him. She also supports Lalji to marry with Reva and is ready to help him for any cost even to give ‘satta’ to him. It has also interwoven the issues of society like Satta-system.

So this novella is fantastic one in all its aspects it may be language, plot, characters, themes, etc.